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Facts about India

  • Nationality: Indian
  • Population: ~ 1.2 billion people; 2nd most populous country in the world
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Language: Hindi and 14 other official languages
  • Geography: Located in Southern Asia, India is slightly more than one-third the size of the U.S. It claims 4,700 miles of coastline and is home to Kanchenjunga, the third tallest mountain in the world that lies on the border with Nepal. India is surrounded by Arabian Sea on one side and Bay of Bengal on the other.
  • Terrain: Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts (Thar Desert) in west, Himalayas in north. Most of the northern, central, and eastern India are occupied by the fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain. India's east and northeastern border consists of the high Himalayan range.
  • Currency: Indian rupee
  • Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north. Climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert, both of which drive the monsoons. Four major climatic groupings predominate in India: tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane.
  • Did you know? India is the most populous Democracy in the world.